With a history spanning 600 years, it’s not surprising that there’s more to coffee than meets the eye. The earliest evidence of coffee cultivation comes from the port of Mocha in Yemen in the 15th Century. By the 16th Century, coffee had spread to the Middle East, Turkey and Persia (now Iran). Today, $4 billion is spent each year importing coffee to the U.S. As coffee drinking has become more prevalent around the world, different styles of coffee drinks have been introduced. Some coffee drinkers enjoy drinking powerful shots of espresso, or chocolatey Caffè Mochas. Others prefer sipping on basic cappuccinos, or a nice, hot caramel macchiato. The options are seemingly endless. As coffee continues to grow in popularity, new strains are being introduced to consumers. One strain recently introduced can help to fight off the flu and boost your immune system. Another is produced without the use of artificial chemicals, additives or pesticides. The following infographic outlines facts about the history of coffee, the various types and styles of coffee drinks that exist today, and how the industry is evolving as it continues to grow in popularity.
“The Modern Cup of Coffee”
Coffee is cultivated in over 70 different countries, most commonly in Latin-America, South-East Asia and Africa. With a history spanning 600 years, it’s not surprising that there’s more to coffee than meets the eye.
The earliest evidence of coffee cultivation comes from the port of Mocha in Yemen in the 15th Century. By the 16th Century, coffee had spread to the Middle East, Turkey and Persia (now Iran). Trade between Venice and North Africa introduced coffee to Europe, and in 1645, the first European coffee house was recorded in Venice. By 1675, there were more than 3,000 coffee houses in England. Coffee was introduced to the Americas by Frenchman Gabriel de Clieu who brought seedlings to Martinique in the Caribbean in about 1720. By 1770, there were 18,680 coffee trees in Martinique.
Popular types of coffee
As coffee drinking has become more prevelant around the world, different styles of coffee drinks have been introduced. For example, espresso is black coffee made with steam going through dark-roast coffee beans at high pressures. A cappuccino is equal parts espresso, steamed milk and milk froth. An americano is made with a single shot of espresso added to a cup of hot water A Caffe Latte is made using a single shot of espresso to 3 parts steamed milk. A Café Au Lait is brewed coffee in a 1:1 ratio with steamed milk. A Caffe Mocha is made with espresso and chocolate (syrup or powder). A Caramel Macchiato is made with espresso, caramel and foamed milk.
Consumption Levels of coffee
Coffee consumption levels vary around the globe. $4 billion is spent each year importing coffee to the U.S. Based on that fact, it’s not surprising that 54% of Americans over the age of 18 drink coffee every day. It is estimated that there are around 100 million coffee drinkers in the U.S. alone (Americans drink an average of 3.1 cups per day, and 35% prefer their coffee black). Since the 1980s, global consumption has increased at a rate of between 1.2 – 2% annually. In 2011, 58% of Americans were coffee-drinkers, and in 2013, the number had risen to 83%.
As coffee continues to grow in popularity, new strains are being introduced to consumers. For example, Tipton Mills recently unveiled a probiotic coffee enriched with GanedenBC30, which will help to fight off the flu and boost your immune system. In 2010, Colombia began planting a new strain of bean resistant to coffee rust and the fungus Hemileia Vastatrix. The result is production of 8.3 million bags in the sale year 2012-2013 – an increase of 8% from the previous year.
A few other types of coffee that have been growing in popularity include:
Green Coffee is another type of coffee that is becoming more popular. Often known as unroasted mature or immature seeds, which have been processed by a wet or dry method which remove the outer pulp but keep the wax layer intact. Immature beans are green, while mature beans range from yellow to red in color. Green coffee contains a higher amount of chlorogenic acid, which is thought to have numerous health benefits. Most notably, since 2012, green coffee extract has been widely used as weight loss stimulant, heart disease and diabetes.
Organic Coffee is produced without the use of artificial chemicals, additives or pesticides. The coffee must be grown on land with has been free of prohibited chemicals for at least 3 years. 75% of the world’s organic coffee comes from Latin America. Between 2007 and 2008, there was a 12% growth in US imports of organic coffee – increasing to 40,370 tons. In 2009, the organic coffee industry surpassed $1.4 billion.
With new strains being discovered every year, the coffee industry continues to boom, and consumers are constantly provided with new and improved ways to enjoy their favorite beverage.